journal entry#4

Meaning of the word “nigger lover”


As we all know during the 1930s there was a lot of segregation towards black people, black people didn’t have as many rights as the white, also during that time, the book to kill a mockingbird was occurring. In the book to kill a mockingbird, it talks about how all macomb county is white except, for Calpurnia. In the book you can also see how the people in macomb county are against black people, that is why people are telling Atticus not to have Calpurnia as a nanny.


In the story Harper Lee mentions the phrase “nigger lover” this phrase is for Atticus, people in Maycomb county tell Atticus that he is a nigger lover, this is because since Atticus is a loser he has the decision to go for back people of for white people. I macomb county everyone calls him that because they think that Atticus is doing the wrong thing. The phrase “nigger lover” mean that you are for niggers, I think that Atticus is making this decision because he knows that Calpurnia is a normal person, and he thinks that every black is equal to white people, I think that is why Atticus is defending tom. This is a powerful insult because someone calling you a nigger lover is a phrase that you would not like to known for that. This phrase is also very powerful because, since at that time there was a lot of racial issues towards blacks the white population was one part and the black population was another one, and if you were called a nigger lover, it meant that they were excluding you because if you are white you are not supposed to defend black people, and that was the opposite of what Atticus was doing.


Journal entry#3

Negro, Nigger, black, nigga, african american and colored


Since the 1930s there has been a lot of discrimination and racial issues towards blacks. At that time the great depression was occurring, and that affected black even more, this was because during the great depression there were lost of many jobs and there was no money to spend. The discrimination towards blacks in the 1930s was a problem because it made black not important, some things that changed from black and white were water, blacks had normal water and whites had cold water.


According to: “The term nigger is now probably the most offensive word in English. Its degree of offensiveness has increased markedly in recent years, although it has been used in derogatory manner since at least the Revolutionary War. The senses labeled Extremely Disparaging and Offensive represent meanings that are deeply insulting and are used when the speaker deliberately wishes to cause great offense.” In my perspective nigger is the one of the most offensive word out of the 6 of them. This is because that word could be very uncomfortable for some people. Nigger is a world used for an insulte more of the time, not like colored or black.


According to: oxford the term negro is “A member of a dark-skinned group of peoples originally native to Africa south of the Sahara.” The word Negro was adopted from Spanish and Portuguese and first recorded from the mid 16th century. It remained the standard term throughout the 17th–19th centuries and was used by prominent black American campaigners such as W. E. B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington in the early 20th century. I think the word negro is one of the most offensive word in english because it is a racial term in spanish that is used in english.


According to the term black is like saying african american, it also is the opposite of nigger. I agree with that definition because I personally think that black is not offensive to black people, this is because it is a way of saying the skin color in a nice way not like nigger or nigga.


According to the term Nigga is used mainly among African Americans, but also among other minorities and ethnicities, in a neutral or familiar way and as a friendly term of address. It is also common in rap music. However, nigga is taken to be extremely offensive when used by outsiders.Many people consider this word to be equally as offensive as nigger. The words nigger andnigga are pronounced alike in certain dialects, and so it has been claimed that they are one and the same word. I think that the term nigga is the most offensive among the six of them because it is a way to offend a black person. I also think that people use it to offend black people, that is why they use it in songs.


Journal entry #2

Education in the 1930s


In fact segregation persisted into the 1930s, and was especially clear in rural agricultural communities. Segregated public schools in these communities were provided for Mexican Americans that emphasized vocational training and obedience to white authority figures, rather than academic skills and higher education. This connects to the book “To Kill a Mockingbird” because as you can hear in the book schools didn’t have good education. Also in the book it talks about how some kid s went to school during just 3 to 4 months every year, the rest of the year they went to help their family’s farm.


The goals and ideals of education in the 1930s were in sharp conflict with the economic bottom line, as businessmen repeatedly pointed out. In the 1910s and 1920s American business had been one of the foremost champions of public education, especially of the high school, which was busy training at taxpayer expense the stenographers, secretaries, and clerks of the future. This paragraph connects to the book “To Kill a Mockingbird” because in the book there was no black people in scout’s class and that caused a lot of conflict in between black people and white people.


The manner in which education served to reinforce the economic status was illustrated perfectly in the education of African Americans. American education was racially segregated in the 1930s precisely because of the white presumption that blacks were inherently incapable of learning at an advanced level. Segregating white schoolchildren from black schoolchildren meant that white pupils presumably would not be “held back” in the classroom by less-capable black pupils. This connects to the book because at that time in the book it said that there a lot of racial issues. Also as you can see in the story you can look at calpurnia, she is black but she has an education as a normal white men.


A Bildungsroman of a book review

Image result for the absolutely true diary of a part-time indian

The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian– Sherman Alexie’s funny and exciting autobiography turns a life changing experience into an authentic narrative.



The writer tells an autobiography from his perspective when he was a Native American teenager,  named Arnold, while living in a reservation.


The author Sherman Alexie was growing up in the Spokane Native American reservation as a Native American teenager. Born with a variety of medical problems, living in a reservation was very hard for him; his dad was alcoholic, and  gambled a lot, therefore he spent hours, sometimes days, drinking and gambling, spending a lot of his money on that. Since Arnold’s family is impoverished, and is in a low socioeconomic class, they ate really little food and sometimes didn’t eat at all. Because of his dad being alcoholic, Arnold had no time to spend with him and that made a separation between them. Sherman Alexie’s work explores themes of despair, poverty, violence and alcoholism among the lives of Native American people narrated with a bit of humor.


In the book, the protagonist Arnold, also known as Junior in the reservation

is a person that is willing to have a better education. Arnold at the beginning of the book is also very unconscious of the fact that his family doesn’t have a lot of money. Arnold is also living a very hard life, for example; his grandma dies, the dad of his best friend dies and he was aghast after knowing that her sister dies as well. After he sees how his father wasted all of the family’s money on alcohol and gambling, he realizes he does not want to live a life like his dad.


In The Absolute True Diary of a Part Time Indian, the protagonist Arnold narrates the difficulties of being a Native American teenager living in a reservation, and a lifetime adventure going to a white school. The reason he went to an all white school was because he was a very heedful student and wanted a better education than the one he was getting in the school of the reservation. This book shows how Arnold’s living conditions were in the reservations. He describes all the bad things that happen in the  reservation, such as; bad education, impoverishment , a lot of deaths, and his relationship with his mom and sister, but mostly his dad. He decides to leave the reservation after following one of his teacher’s advice, named Mr.P. Although the reservation was against Arnold for leaving the reservation, he decides to move to an all white school, because he figured he had no future in the reservation. After having a lot of difficulties, and conflicts trying to fitting in because of him getting bullied by his classmates, he manages to integrate himself thanks to his bravery, girlfriend, and basketball.


The author writes from his experience as a Native American teeanager living on a reservation. The way you can understand the development of Arnold, starting from living in the reservation and then moving to the white school is very powerful and describes his feelings and his development throughout the book. Sherman Alexie’s story is fluent, engaging, easy to read, exciting, and very hooky. As a result, the book makes you want to read a second part, and even a third part.

Reaction paper about Biloxi school US

Why did Biloxi pull ‘A Mockingbird’ from the 8th grade lesson plan? By Karen Nelson, it was published on Sun Herald. This article talks about how the Biloxi school in Mississippi, US has banned a book that was in the 8th grade curriculum named “To Kill a Mockingbird”. There were many reasons why they banned the book: for example, the language usage and the use of the “N” word. Because of banning  “To Kill a Mockingbird” it has created a nation wide reaction. I feel bad for some student in the 8th grade because they are not able to read the book that was in their lesson plan. In my opinion I think that what they are doing is wrong because that is censorship and I don’t think that is a right action.

I feel that a lot of parent are going to argue with the school about their thoughts on banning the book, and I think that some parent are going to take out some student from the 8th grade just because they made that change. I see that there are different opinions about banning the book. For example, Kenny Holloway, the vice president of the school said: “There were complaints about it. There is some language in the book that makes people uncomfortable, and we can teach the same lesson with other books”. However a student said “I think it is one of the most disturbing examples of censorship I have ever heard”.

In addition to what Kenny Holloway said, Superintendent Arthur McMillan showed less importance to changing the lesson planned. “There are many resources and materials that are available to teach state academic standards to our students. These resources may change periodically. We always strive to do what is best for our students and staff to continue to perform at the highest level”. I think that what Superintendent Arthur McMillan wanted to do is minimize the importance of the situation because he wanted to avoid people talking about what happened.

In my opinion, the school is starting to regret making that change because a lot of parents are against that action, and as you can see in the video of the article the school does not want to answer any of the questions people have. It seems that there is no agreement on what to do. A teacher of the 8th grade described the book as “Compassionate, dramatic, and deeply moving, takes readers to the roots of human behavior”. I think that censorship is not allowed at all although in my opinion self-censorship is allowed because you are censoring yourself and you are not censoring other people.

In conclusion, my opinion on this article is that there are some people in favor of banning the book and some that are against the book being banned. Consequently, there are different opinions about it… but as the video shows It seems that the director of the school doesn’t want to talk about it anymore.

Renovating my house

I was in the airport just about to get on a plane to go to Spain to visit my family.

I was very happy to go because I knew that when I came back to panama my house was going to be renovated. The best thing of renovating my house was that finally we were going to have 2 bathroom except for just one for all my family. And another thing that I was very excited about was that I was going to get my own room for the first time.


Everyday I talked to my parents throw skype and I saw all the new renovations that were happening. I was getting more excited every single day to see the new renovation they were doing. I just couldn’t wait to get to panama to see the new house. Days past and past and I was getting so close to go back to Panama.


It was my turn to go home (Panama) I was so excited to see the renovation of my house. I asked my parents if the renovation of the house was finished… they said no, as sad as I was I was still excited to see all the renovations they had done. I got home and my hopes were down because I thought the house was going to be almost finished but it was not like I assumed it would be.


Since then I had been waiting for the renovations to get done but they are still not done they are still missing the third bathroom and all the outside flore.

Fighting with parent


Finally it was Friday afternoon,

It was time to relax

And hang with friends.

I grabbed my bike and went home,

I asked my parents if I could go

To Mario’s house,

We had to do a video about Mario and Yago.

As always I thought they were going

To say yes,

They said no.

They said I had to do homework,

But I can do it tomorrow i said,

They weren’t convinced and said no,

I keep arguing,

But they still said no.

As sad that I was

I went to my room, with a lemon juice and started doing


The lemon was so sour, and sweet in my mouth,

But it wasn’t as sweet as a orange juice.

I asked my parents again,

They asked me if I finished my homework,

Yes I said yes, i finished my homework.

you can go they said,

I was very, very happy,

I thanked them, grabbed my bike,

And left,

I was fling on my bike.


Memoir Monday

How I broke my leg


It was a normal day in Spain packing our bags to go to panama for the first time to visit. After I finished packing I went outside to ride a static bike, and every  time I rided my parents statik I tried to go as fast I could. That time I don’t know what happened but something went wrong and my feet got out of the pedals and since the static bikes are different from the normal bikes the pedals never stop until the wheel stops and accidentally I put my right foot on where you put the water bottle and since the pedal had not stopped jet the pedal came from behind and broke my tibia and fibula at the same time.

When we arrived to the hospital the doctor was saying that my leg was not broken. My dad was insisting the doctor to do and X-ray but the doctor was saying it was not worth it, so my dad kept insisting until they finally did and X-ray of my right leg and it was obviously broken. After they put my cast on we went back home with a cast from my toos to the middle of my femur. I was very sad because cause I was going to have to wear a cast during all my summer in panama. At the end of the summer in Panama was amazing and I could do so many things with my cast such as I could surf and snorkel.


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My grandpa Atxixa


My grandpa Atxixa

Yago, Atxixa se ha muerto said my dad while tears were falling out of his eyes. My grandpa at atxixa the amazing swimmer and soccer player just pas away at the age of 98. My grandpa the one that lived a very long life, and the one that since the age of 93 needed a helper because he couldn’t walk any more. I remember playing soccer with him in summer vacation and passing each other the soft and fluffy ball that he used all the time. My grandpa the one that had no teeth and no one could understand him. I hugged my dad as hard as I could while crying like him. I knew my dad was gonna go to spain because he was never going to mis his dad’s funeral. I knew all my dad’s part of the family were going to gather in the cemetery with black and white clothing.

Dear Diary- Esperanza

Dear diary


Today has been my first day at work. I was very excited because I was going help pay my part of my education. It was an easy job but sometimes it was kind of boring. I was also very lonely, and I had no one to talk to while I was working.

As I was leaving the office I found this old man and we started talking, while we were talking he tricked me and something very disgusting happened. An old man has forced me to kiss him on the mouth. It awful, nasty, horrible!! and couldn’t forget what happened at that moment. He acted being nice to me just because he wanted a kiss on the mouth. I wanted to to cry and run away. He was saying it was his birthday and that he wanted a birthday kiss, so I just went to kiss him on the cheek and then he graved my face and kissed me on the lips. I was very confused and mad because he didn’t want to let go of my face. this was a very awful experience and I will never forget what happened that day.

This represents Esperanza coming of age because she is more attractive to men, she wants to find a job to pay part of her education, she is being aware on what education she is getting, She is being more independent, and also she is acting older with her dress so she can fit in.